The placenta is very important for a healthy pregnancy. This organ provides nutrients, hormones, immunity and oxygen to the fetus. However, many people are expecting not to know much about it. If you find out you have placenta previa, you may be wondering what that means.
Don’t worry, placenta previa does not negatively affect the health of your unborn baby. Here’s what you need to know about placenta previa, including how it will affect your pregnancy and delivery.
The placenta is an organ that begins to develop when a fertilized egg attaches to the wall of the uterus. It is unique in that it appears only during pregnancy. Although the placenta is fully formed and functioning after 12 weeks, it continues to develop throughout pregnancy.
The placenta also connects you and your baby through the umbilical cord. Together, the placenta and umbilical cord carry oxygen, nutrients, hormones, and immune protection from your body to your baby. These same structures also help take away waste from your baby.
It’s important to remember that medications, viruses, and other substances you put into your body can pass to your baby through the placenta.
After your baby is born, the placenta separates from the wall of the uterus and exits your body as it would after birth. If you had a cesarean section, your doctor will surgically remove the placenta after the baby is born.
Placenta of the placenta
Anterior placenta previa is relatively common and is not a cause for concern. Normally, the placenta develops wherever a fertilized egg implants, and it can develop anywhere in the uterus. These are the technical names of the various general locations where the placenta is found:
- Before: The front of the uterus is facing the front of your body and stomach
- Basic: The top of the uterus
- Beside: Right or left side of the uterus
- Valley: At the fundus of the uterus, sometimes covering the cervix.
- After: The back of the uterus points towards the back of your body and spine
The placenta can also develop in the middle of any of these areas such as towards the top and the back, the top and the side, or the bottom and the front, etc.
The most common sites of implantation and placenta are the upper and posterior sides of the uterus. In late pregnancy, placenta previa is less common, but it can be seen at some point in a quarter to half of all pregnant women, especially during early ultrasounds.
It is not clear why the different positions of the placenta occur but it is speculated that the placenta tends to grow towards the top and back of the uterus because it increases access to vascular-rich areas. that blood.
Health care providers can see the location of the placenta during an ultrasound. Your provider will check your placenta’s position when you have a second-degree mid-pregnancy ultrasound or an anatomical ultrasound at about 20 weeks.
If you have an ultrasound earlier in your pregnancy, you may be able to spot placenta previa earlier. However, having an anterior (or even low) placenta on an early ultrasound doesn’t mean that’s where the placenta is.
It is very normal for the position of the placenta to change as the uterus stretches and grows. The anterior placenta may move toward the top, sides, or back of the uterus as the weeks go by.
How is the anterior placenta different?
Placenta previa doesn’t mean there’s anything wrong with you, your pregnancy, or your baby. However, there are some things that make each other as a striker a bit different from other positions.
When the placenta is in front of the baby, it can:
- Having some prenatal testing, such as amniocentesis, is a bit more complicated (but doesn’t increase the risk of miscarriage with amniocentesis)
- Take a little longer to feel the baby kick
- Give your doctor a little extra time to find your baby’s or heartbeat during your prenatal visits
Those who are expecting can start feeling their baby kick as early as 18 weeks and as late as 24 weeks. This can happen earlier for those who have given birth because they are used to the fluttering sensation and the already stretched belly. For first-time parents and those with placenta previa, it often takes longer to notice these movements.
The anterior placenta is like an extra layer between your baby and the outer wall of your abdomen. This padding can make it harder to feel your baby kick until the third trimester when your baby is old enough to make more noticeable movements.
Monitor baby’s movements
Feeling your baby move is not only fun, but it also gives you peace of mind. It lets you and your healthcare provider know that your child is progressing well. However, worrying excessively about tracking your baby’s movements can become a source of unnecessary stress.
At the start of the third trimester, your baby usually has a more predictable pattern of activity, so you can start tracking the movements you feel. Some providers may also ask you to count your kicks daily at home.
Make the number of tee times
When you count kicks, you check for kicks as well as rollings, bumps, and other activities. You usually track this movement by timing it to feel 10 actions. In most cases, there should be at least 10 movements in two hours. If you don’t feel any kicks or shakes, your baby is probably asleep.
You’re also less likely to feel movements during activity, which distracts you and can lull your baby to sleep. To help you feel your baby’s movements better, try:
- Focus on feeling the movement on the sides of your abdomen and lower your pelvis
- Eat a snack or drink some juice (This energy boost can make your baby more active).
- Learn your baby’s typical sleep, wake and activity patterns
- Lie down or sit comfortably
When to call your provider
With placenta previa, you may have to pay more attention to the fetal movements to feel them, but you can still feel the baby squirming around.You should contact your provider if:
Prenatal check-up and check-up
Depending on the exact location of the placenta, your doctor may find some prenatal tests more difficult. Don’t worry if these procedures take up extra time or effort at your prenatal appointments.
Find heart rate
During routine prenatal visits, your doctor will find and listen to your baby’s heart with a fetal depth gauge.It can be a little harder to hear a heartbeat when it’s behind the placenta, so expect your doctor or midwife to take a little longer to figure it out.
Feel the baby
Doctors and midwives use their hands to feel your baby’s position and size through your belly. The anterior placenta acts like a barrier which can make determining the size and position of the baby a little more difficult. However, although it may take a little more effort, your healthcare providers can still feel the baby underneath the placenta in front.
Amniocentesis is a prenatal test that checks the amniotic fluid. To collect the sample, the doctor places a needle through the abdomen. If the placenta is located along the anterior wall of the abdomen, it can obstruct the placenta.This is inconvenient, but your healthcare professional will have strategies for handling your anterior placenta.
Placenta low lying and Placenta Previa
If the anterior placenta grows low in the uterus, it may partially or completely cover the cervix. If it stays low, it can lead to a complication called placenta previa. With placenta previa, the placenta attaches low in the uterus, covering all or part of the cervix.
In cases where the placenta is in front of the cervix, the placenta is blocking the way out of the baby’s uterus. This can cause bleeding during pregnancy and is dangerous during delivery. If the placenta is still low and covering the cervix at the time of delivery, the baby will be delivered by caesarean section c.
Labor and delivery of the placenta first
For the most part, placenta previa won’t affect your labor and delivery at all. As long as your placenta isn’t low and you don’t have any concerns about getting pregnant, you can have a vaginal delivery and stick to your birth plan.
However, some studies suggest that people with placenta previa may have a higher risk of low back pain, i.e., severe back pain during childbirth.
Placenta praevia is also not a problem during cesarean delivery unless the placenta is low attachment. Placenta previa is located in a low position and may be located in the area where the typical c-segment incision is made. In that case, the doctor will do an ultrasound to find the safest place to make the incision and deliver the baby.
If you have placenta previa, you don’t need to do anything else to stay healthy throughout your pregnancy. With any placental position, you should:
- Always fasten your seat belt in the car.
- Avoid abdominal trauma caused by high-risk physical activity.
- Avoid smoking, alcohol and drugs.
- Manage any health conditions that can lead to pregnancy and placental complications, such as high blood pressure, obesity, and diabetes.
- See your doctor for regularly scheduled prenatal appointments and tests.
Overall, placenta previa does not put you at higher risk of pregnancy or delivery complications than any other placental site.
The complications below can occur in any pregnancy, but some research suggests that those with placenta previa may have a slightly higher risk of some complications.You are more likely to experience these conditions if you have placenta previa:
When to see a doctor?
Placenta previa is not likely to cause any particular problems for you or your baby during pregnancy. However, for all pregnancies, you should call your doctor if:
A very good word
The placenta can do the job of supporting your growing baby whether it’s on the top, side, front, or back of the uterus. You may have to wait a little longer to feel your baby’s first kicks and they may not feel as strong as when you have placenta previa, but overall, you can still have a pregnancy. normally healthy with anterior placenta.
Complications are rare, but to make sure everything goes smoothly with your pregnancy, visit your doctor or prenatal care regularly. Your provider can also answer any other questions or concerns you may have.
Placenta previa is a relatively rare pregnancy complication (it affects about 1 in 200 pregnancies). However, in nearly 90% of pregnancies where a low lying placenta is identified, the placenta will move up and out of the cervix before delivery.
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